About This File
Bihar being the birthplace of first republic of the world has always showed firm commitment to democracy, rather guided it to its cause so many times. Being the 12th largest states of India in terms of geographical area and 2nd in terms of population, Bihar may be put at the lower strata for many reasons but it stands alone so far as political activism is concerned. Election in Bihar has witnessed a fluctuating and decreasing trend of voter turnout both in Parliamentary and State Assembly Elections held during the last twenty years. The 12th General election that was held in 1998 recorded the highest voter turnout of 64.06 % but the general elections that followed after could not maintain the rising trend of voter turnout and it came down to 44.4 % in general election that was held in 2009. Hence extra efforts were made to ensure that the eligible electors get enrolled and a maximum number of these registered electors exercise their rights of franchise in General Elections 2014. The overall SVEEP strategy in the state, therefore, was to counter challenges that restrict the electoral participation in Bihar which resulted in a significant rise of 12.28% in voter turnout. However, in spite of robust SVEEP activities during LS 2014 in Bihar (approx 44%) registered voters could not vote here due to the variety of factors that may have contributed.