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    The most significant feature of the electoral process is Universal Adult suffrage, meaning that every adult citizen of the country has the right to vote. A strong democracy is the one where everyone participates. Our motto, ‘No voter to be left behind’ expresses this need of inclusive participation in elections. In this connection, inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) is an important area of focus for the Commission.

     

    ‘Accessible Elections’ is the theme that was adopted for the National Voters' Day 2018 by the Election Commission of India. Presently interventions are being planned to augment the aspects of facilitation for PwDs.

     

    The first step in the electoral process is getting registered as voter by filling Form6 . This is also the first step towards the identification of PwDs and their subsequent inclusion and facilitation.

     

    Persons with Disabilities can now help us create a smoother elections experience by letting us know about their disability via Form 6.

     

     

  • Persons With Disabilities


    • ECI
      General Measures
      Persons with disabilities are given priority at polling stations and they can enter the same without waiting in the queue.  Polling personnel are briefed about the provisions of Rule 49 N of the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961, for permitting a companion to accompany a blind/infirm elector.  Poll personnel are trained & sensitised regarding special needs of persons affected by various disabilities.  Special Directions of the Commission were given for providing adequate facilities to the PwDs in a circular dated 7th September, 2016. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main1/current/ImpIns_16092016.pdf
        For Loco-motor Disabilities
      Attempts are made to set-up the polling station on the ground floor.  Temporary ramps are installed at the polling station location where permanent ramps have not been provided for access by wheelchair bound persons. Access to ramps has been made smooth in places of sandy and slushy pathways. Wheelchairs are provided at identified polling stations.  Facility to take wheel chairs inside polling stations has been granted.  Entrance door of polling station are kept wide open and adequate space is provided around the voting compartment to ensure easy movement for wheel chairs.  
      For Visual and Aural Disabilities
       
      There exists Braille signage on the Ballot Unit of the Electronic Voting Machine for the benefit of the visually impaired. Electors with speech & hearing impairment are given special care as in the case of other disabled persons.  
       

    • ECI
      Signage
      Parking for Persons with Disability (PwD) coming on wheelchairs or other vehicles (to be visible from the road) After entrance arrow signs marks indicating the queue Arrow mark indicating the polling personnel Signage for Male/Female toilets Signage for toilets for PwD voters Signage indicating drinking water  
      Help Desk

      Tables of 4’ x 2 1/2’ with provision for 3 people to sit - one BLO with booth slips, two NSS / NSC volunteers (1 male 1 female) to guide and assist the voters (especially the PwDs) entering the polling station
       
      Ramp
      Ramps should have an inclination ratio of 1:10 and not more than 1:14 Firm hand rails to be provided which should not be of shaky material In case there are stairs to reach polling station, ramp should also be provided there  
      Toilets
      Whether separate toilets for Male and Female voters available  Whether toilets are PwD-friendly. Whether running water is there in the toilets If running water facility is not there what arrangement has been done? 
       
      Drinking Water
      Whether there is facility of drinking water
       
       
       
      Separate Entry and Exit
      Whether separate entrance and exit is provided in the polling station
      If no separate entrance and exitis available, whether provision of rope separator/partition can be done? specify
       
      Lighting
      Electricity connection with two plug points Minimum 1 fan 2-3 tube lights  
      Furniture
       
      Is adequate furniture is available? Height of the table on which the Ballot Unit is kept should be disabled-friendly Sufficient moving space around the table for wheel chairs
       

    • ECI
      Article 324 of the Constitution provides for the Election Commission, its powers and functions for maintenance of the Electoral Roll and conduct of elections in a free and fair manner. Article 325 provides that no person shall be ineligible for inclusion in the electoral roll on the grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or anyone of these. Article 326 provides - Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of every State shall be on the basis of adult suffrage; Every citizen of India not less than eighteen years of age on such date as may be fixed in that behalf by law and is not otherwise disqualified and shall be entitled to be registered as a voter at any such election. 
      Provisions under Rule 49N of the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961, ECI guidelines, and Supreme Court orders directly address the issue of assistance to persons with disabilities. Under Rule 49N, if owing to blindness or other physical infirmities an elector is unable to recognise the symbol on the EVM or unable to record vote by pressing the appropriate button thereon, the presiding officer shall permit the elector to take with him a companion of not less than eighteen years of age to the voting compartment for recording the vote on his behalf and in accordance with his wishes. 
      Polling personnel are to be given appropriate directions and sensitized through training classes about the special needs of the disabled and to be courteous and to provide necessary support to them at the polling station. Permanent ramps to be provided in all public buildings where polling stations are located. Full facility should be provided for such electors to take their wheelchair inside the polling station. Where permanent ramps have not been provided, temporary ramps have to be provided.  Sufficient publicity to be given well in advance in print and electronic media about the availability of facilities so that the persons with disabilities are aware of the facilities beforehand, and are thus encouraged going and exercising their franchise. Observers should also ensure that such facilities are given; the absence of such facilities should be notified to the respective Government for remedial/future action.
       

About Us

Logo ELCSystematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) is a programme of multi interventions through different modes and media designed to educate citizens, electors and voters about the electoral process in order to increase their awareness and participation in the electoral processes. SVEEP is designed according to the socio-economic, cultural and demographic profile of the state as well as the history of electoral participation in previous rounds of elections and learning thereof.   

Election Commission of India

ECIThe Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India. The body administers elections to the Lok SabhaRajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country. The Election Commission operates under the authority of Constitution per Article 324, and subsequently enacted Representation of the People Act

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