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24 downloadsChamarajanagara is the southern-most district in the state of Karnataka. It was carved out of the original larger Mysore District in the year 1997. Chamarajanagara town is the headquarters of this district. It is the third least populous district in Karnataka (out of 30), after Kodagu and Bangalore Rural. Chamarajanagara was earlier known as Arikutara. Chamaraja Wodeyar ,the king of Mysuru was born here and hence this place was renamed after him. The geographical area of Chamarajanagar district is about 5,671.71sqkms . The district is located in the southern tip of Karnataka state and lies between the North latitude 11O40’58’’ and 12O 06’32’’ and East longitude 76O 24’14’’ and 77O 46’55’’. It falls in the southern dry zone. Topography is undulating and mountainous with north south trending hill ranges of eastern ghats. Salem and Coimbatore districts of TamilNadu in the east, Mandya and Bangalore districts in the north, parts of Mysore district in the west and Nilgiri district of TamilNadu in the south, bound the Chamarajanagar district.The District is known for a good extent of forest land within its boundaries . Hence , it has a very high population of forest-dwelling tribals-Soligas , Jenu Kurubas and Betta Kurubas. Most of these tribes inhabit the forest of BR Hills , Malai-Mahadeswara Hills, and Bandipur National Park. All of these are protected areas . These tribals have their own language, colored with strong Tamil accent. The place is also rich with sacred sites of many religions and lots of tourist spots-from trekking destinations to challenging hills and wildlife sanctuaries.